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Marketing – Types, Purpose, And More


For example, the sales part overlaps with the definition of “what is sales,” and the word advertising makes me brainstorm Mad Men. But as I dug deeper, I saw that marketing overlaps heavily with advertising and sales. Marketing is present in all phases of business, from start to finish.

What is Marketing?

Marketing refers to a company’s actions to attract an audience to a company’s product or services through high-quality messages. Marketing aims to deliver independent value to prospects and consumers through content, with the long-term goal of demonstrating product value, strengthening brand loyalty, and increasing sales.

I first thought about why marketing is essential to product development, sales presentation, or retail distribution. But it makes sense when you think about it – marketers have the most solid finger on the pulse of your consumer persona.

Marketing is all about asking yourself one basic question: “Where, when, and how does our consumer want to interact with our company?” You should also hold focus groups, send out surveys, observe online buying behaviours, and conduct ongoing research and analysis on your target audience.

Purpose of marketing

Marketing is the process of getting people interested in your company’s product or service. It remains through market research, analysis, and understanding of the interests of your ideal customer. Marketing covers all aspects of business, including product development, distribution methods, sales, and advertising.

Modern marketing started in the 1950s when people started using more than print media to promote a product. Then, as televisions—and soon the Internet—came into homes, marketers could run entire campaigns across multiple platforms. And it can remain assumed that over the past 70 years, marketers have become increasingly crucial in fine-tuning how a business sells a product to consumers to optimize success.

The primary purpose of marketing is to attract consumers to your brand through messaging. Ideally, this communication will be helpful and informative to your target audience to convert consumers into leads.

There are dozens of places to run a marketing campaign these days – where is it done in the 21st century?

Types of Marketing

Where your marketing campaigns live depends entirely on where your customers spend their time. So it’s up to you to do your market research and determine which marketing types and combinations of tools within each class are best for building your brand. Here are a few types of marketing that are relevant today, some of which have stood the test of time:

Internet Marketing: The idea of ​​an Internet presence for business reasons, inspired by the Excedrin product campaign that ran online, is a marketing type.

Search Engine Optimization: “SEO,” in short, is the process of optimizing content on a website to appear in search engine results. Marketers use it to attract people who perform searches that indicate they are interested in learning about a particular industry.

Blog Marketing: Blogs are no longer exclusive to individual authors. Brands now publish blogs to write about their industry and promote the interest of potential customers browsing the Internet.

Social Media Marketing: Businesses can use Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, and similar social networks to create impressions on their audience over time.

Print Marketing: As newspapers and magazines better understand who subscribes to their print materials, businesses continue to sponsor articles, photos, and similar content in the publications their customers read.

Search Engine Marketing: This type of marketing is slightly different than SEO, as described above. Businesses can now pay search engines to link to their index pages, giving them high exposure to their audience. (This is a concept called “pay per click” – I’ll show you an example in the next section).

Video Marketing: While there were once only advertisements, marketers now invest money in creating. And publishing various videos entertaining and educating their core customers.

Marketing and advertising


If marketing is a wheel, advertising is one spoke of that wheel.

[Marketing] includes product development, market research, product distribution, sales strategy, public relations, and customer support. [Marketing] is essential at all stages of the sales journey. It can use multiple platforms, social media channels. And teams within your organization to identify their audience, communicate with them, amplify their voice and build brand loyalty over time.

On the other hand, advertising is only one component of [marketing]. It is a strategic effort, usually paid, to increase awareness of a product or service as part of the holistic goals described above. Simply put, it’s not the only method marketers use to sell a product.

4 P’s of marketing

In the 1960s, E Jerome McCarthy came up with the 4 P’s of [marketing]: product, Price, place, promotion.

These 4 P’s explain how [marketing] interacts with each phase of business.


Let’s say you come up with an idea for a product you want your business to sell. What will be next? You probably won’t be successful if you start selling it.

Although, Instead, you need your [marketing] team to conduct market research and answer some crucial questions: Who is your target audience? Is there a suitable market for this product? What messages will increase product sales and on which platforms?

How should your product developers adjust the product to increase the likelihood of success? What do the focus groups think about the product, and what questions or hesitations do they have? Marketers use the answers to these questions to help businesses. Understand product demand and improve product quality by addressing concerns from target groups or survey participants.


Although,  Your [marketing]] team will check competitors’ product prices or use focus groups and surveys to estimate how much your ideal customer is willing to pay. Also, Price is too high, you’ll lose a solid customer base. The Price is too low, and you may lose more money than you gain. Fortunately, marketers can use industry research and consumer analysis to assess a reasonable price range.


Your [marketing] department must use their knowledge and analysis of your business’s customers to suggest how and where to market your product. For example, they may believe that an e-commerce website performs better than a store or vice versa. Also, Or they can offer information on which places would be most viable to sell your product nationally or internationally.


Although, This P is probably what you expected from the start: promotion includes any online or print ad, event, or discount your [marketing] team creates to increase awareness and interest in your product and ultimately lead to more sales. During this phase, you will likely see methods such as public relations campaigns, advertisements, or social media promotions.


Although, Hopefully, our definition and the four Ps will help you understand the purpose of [marketing] and how to define it. [Marketing] remains intertwined with all areas of business, so you must understand how to use [marketing] to increase the efficiency and success of your business.

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